Editing

Now that you've recorded the material, there will undoubtedly be a couple of incidental noises throughout the recording; sniffs, coughs, fluffed words etc. These can be easily edited out in a number of steps as follows:

  1. Select the audio track by pressing the comma key.
  2. Find the undesirable section of recording using the F5 „Go To“ command or by navigating with
  • Control+PageDown and Control+Shift+Pa­geUp (measure by measure)
  • Shift+PageDown and Shift+PageUp (beat by beat)

3.) Find a point of silence on either side of the offending noise. This can be accomplished as follows.

  • play the recording until you reach the silent point immediately before the object and press the F9 key to set the „Select From“ time i.e. the start of your edit point.
  • play til the point of silence immediately after the object and press the F10 key to set your „Select Through“ time, or the end of your edit point.

The other, more thorough method is to use Sonar's Scrub tool. Scrub is simply a way to move through the recording at a slow speed, whilst being able to listen to the slowed down speech, allowing you to hear the beginning or endings of particular sounds. This is activated by holding down Control and pressing B, keep the control key pressed and use the J and K keys to move back and forward very slowly. By moving through the audio this way, it is easy to home in on the section of recording you wish to select for editing. As before use the F9 and F10 keys to set the From and Through selection points. Note: Scrubbing may take a while to perfect so don't worry if it seems too much like hard work at the beginning.

4. Now go to Delete in the Edit menu
Here there is a series of settings to check, most of which will be as you want them. The one we're concerned with, in this case, is the „Delete Hole“ check box. If this is left unchecked (unticked) when you press the Enter key on the OK button, Sonar will delete the noise but leave the gap wheir the noise once was. If you check the Delete Hole box, Sonar will close this gap which, for editing speech, is normally what is required.

Before writing the recording to CD it is important to get the overall volume up to a certain level. Using the sound meter display on the track strip, you can see what level your recording is averaging out at. The ideal level is no lower than 0 dB, so If necessary you can increase the volume of the recording via the Volume field found on the track strip itself.

Mixing Down

Once you have the project at a suitable volume and everything else is to your liking, it is now time to mix down the project to a separate file. In most cases it needs to be, what's known as a WAV file.

select the track and choose Export from the File menu. Press enter on Audio. This will open a window in which you give the resulting file a name, choose what kind of file you want, set the bit rate and sampling rate, and also tell sonar where you wish this file to be placed. When writing a file to CD to be played in a home CD player, the sampling rate must be set to 44.1 kHz and the Bit rate must be set to 16.

When you've finished configuring all of the above, simply press Enter on the Export button. The process may take anything up to a minute, depending on the length of the recording.

-- Contributed by Joe Kenny